Tag Archives: Ancient Cultures

Inca Design & Technology

Inca Design, Architecture and Technology
Machu Piccu & Ollantaytambo
Peru – South America

Inca Technology: Intihuatana - an ancient sun dial (solar clock) at Machu Picchu in Peru.

Inca Technology: Intihuatana – an ancient sun dial (solar clock) at Machu Picchu in Peru – also know as: “The Hitching Post of the Sun”.

While in Peru in January I found myself at two sites where examples of Inca architecture, design and technology could be observed in its finest form. Immediately noticeable was the combination of strength, functionality, durability and visual appeal. Aesthetics always played a role for the Inca, although it took much, much longer than today to construct buildings, walls and cities.

The Inca’s were not short on technology either and at Machu Picchu, which was once the educational centre of the Inca empire, we can see an Inca sun clock [Image 16], an Inca mirror [Image 17], which was also used to see the reflection of the stars at night, and an Inca Compass [Image 24].

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VIEW 24 IMAGES

Visiting Peru – January 2016
Photography by Jean-Jacques M.
Information from guides & internet research
Copyright © 2016 – All Rights Reserved – Gypsy Café

 

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The Maya World Tree

The Roots of a Ceiba Tree at Copán, Honduras, Central America. Photograph by Jean-Jacques Morin, September 2015.

The Roots of a Ceiba Tree at Copán, Honduras, Central America. Photographed by Jean-Jacques Morin, September 2015.

In Mesoamerican theology the sacred World Tree stands in the centre of the world, crossing and connecting three horizontal levels, the heavens, the earth and the underworld. It has its roots embedded deep in the underworld, with its trunk straight and sturdy in the earthly realm and its branches high up in the heavens, diverging into the four cardinal directions.

According to Maya mythology the World Tree allowed human souls to come to be and this is symbolised by the White flowers of Ceiba trees, which are still found in Maya lands today. Following that, the biological human bodies which souls reside in allowed them to pass through the experience of life on earth. All souls came from one of the four cardinal directions, defining not only characteristics and personality traits, but also general destiny.

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Photographs and text by Jean-Jacques M.

Copyright © 2015 – All Rights Reserved – Gypsycafe.org


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